Types of Water

How is "Tap Water" Different From Bottled Water?

Tap water (or municipal water) is generally supplied to households and industries using underground pipes. It comes from large wells, lakes, rivers or reservoirs and is processed and treated to meet Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) drinking water standards.

The amount and type of processing and treatment depends upon the source type and quality. Many cities are proud of their municipal water and encourage their residents to drink it. But it really comes down to choice. Some people prefer the taste of bottled waters over tap water. So what is bottled water, exactly? Keep reading to find out.

Defining the Different Types of Bottled Water

Not just any water can be called "bottled water." Bottled water is defined as a consumer food product by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and so we have to follow their strict standards to identify our products as such. They also require companies to clearly print the "type" of water on the label of all bottled water sold in the United States. Now you might be asking, "So what are the different types of bottled water?" Or maybe you're wondering, "What's the difference between purified water and distilled water?" Well we're here to answer those kinds of questions. Just reference the definitions below and see for yourself.

Spring Water

Our spring water is sourced from natural or mountain springs, meeting the definition for spring water established by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration. We collect it at the spring or through a borehole tapping the underground formation that feeds the spring. Our water may go through rigorous testing for quality, but the final result still maintains the original and natural character that defines what it means to be natural spring water. Learn more about Nestlé Waters' spring water process.

Purified Water

Our purified water can come from sources such as wells or municipal supplies. However, there are several distinct processes that differentiate purified bottled water from tap water. Our water must meet the purified or sterile standard of the U.S. Pharmacopeia 23rd Revision. A part of our purification process involves putting the water through reverse osmosis, and then adding minerals for taste. Learn more about Nestlé Waters' purified water process.

Sparkling Water

Our sparkling spring water starts as still water from natural springs. Then we carbonate it with the addition of carbon dioxide after it has been sourced. We also have a variety of flavored sparkling spring waters to which we add natural flavors. This type of water has become more and more popular since its inception. Learn more about Nestlé Waters sparkling water process.

Distilled Water

Our distilled water comes from either wells or municipal supplies, but it must first go through our 13 steps for quality assurance before we bottle it. One of these steps is distillation — hence the name — a process that includes boiling the water and collecting the condensate before bottling. Learn more about Nestlé Waters distilled water process.

Drinking Water

Our drinking water is carefully collected from the source, which is either a well or municipal supply. Then it goes through our 13 steps to quality assurance before we bottle it. The purification process includes a step known as demineralization, which is used to remove minerals. Learn more about Nestlé Waters drinking water process.